Foundation of film
The first film studios were founded in Hollywood, West Coast, New Jersey and Long Island. Nowadays these studios are the greatest on the world. In the end of decade of 20th century there were 20 studios. The first era of film was Silent era. It was made westerns, gangsters, films and comedies with first stars – Charlie Chaplin or Buster Keaton. The special sorts of comedies were slipstick comedies. The most famous actors of the comedies were Stan Lauer and Olivier Hardy. The most expensive and the most gigantic film of silent era was Intolerance. There were 15000 comparsists and it was built The snake room, which was 1500 meters long with a gigantic statues. After world was first and after the stock market crash (krach na burze) the European stars came to Hollywood. It was founded minor (menší) studios and major studios. The biggest studios was called The big five and were Warner Bros pictures, Paramount pictures, Metro-Goldwin Mayer, 20th Century Fox and Rca. The most famous minor studios were called The little three and there were Universal pictures, United artist and Columbia pictures. The films were very popular in this time and were made history, films such as The Iron Mask or Robin Hood.
The golden age of Hollywood
It was a time between years 1930-48. The first films were black and white but later it was colour. There were a lot of genres such as gangster films, musicals, newsreel, historical films and horrors. They were made the first animated films, which were produced by Walt Disney such as Popeye The Sailor or Snow White And Seven Dwarfs. The films were characteristic by poor quality, unmoving camera and microphone. In war years it was produced newsreels (filmová aktualita) , propaganda films, documentaries and patriotic films.