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Victorian period in history of England was one of the most famous periods. In this time was the British imperium the biggest. Queen Victoria governed about sixty-five years. She died in the year 1901. This period is also known as a period of Critical Realism.
Most know authors of this periods were sisters Brontë. So, I am going to tell you about one of sister Brontë, about Charlotte. She had fife relatives, one brother and four sister. Two of them were writer too. She was the daughter of pastor, and her mother died when she was small. Her first novel was Professor, but this novel didn’t have success. Success had her second novel names Jane Eyre. She wrote too Shirley and Villlette. Her last work was Emma, but she died sooner finished writing. This was in the year 1855.
Jane is an orphan and live by her aunt. The family of her aunt is rich and has two children. The aunt hated Jane, and one day send she to boarding school. The live in this school is hard, few meal, and bad accommodation. She start to be a very good student, and when she graduate this school she started to teach there. One day she decide to leave the school and became to be a tutor by family of mister Rotchester. His wife is dead ant he has two children. After some time the falling in love and the want to marry together. During the wedding ceremony one man says, that Rotchester’s first wife still live. This is true, but she is madwoman and next night she put fire under a house. Jane leave and a few days she live like a beggar-women. She stay in a family of pastor and she teach in the school. After some time Mr. Rotchester find her and they live together.
Other well known author was Charles Dickens. He described truly the life of the poor people in England in the 19th century. He combines comic and serious situation and accuses both the aristocracy and the middle class of acting heartlessly towards the common people. He himself suffered in his childhood and his bitter experience can be found in his works. Among his major novels belong: Little Doritt, David Copperfield, The Pickwick Papers, Nicholas Nickleby, Great Expectators and Oliver Twist.
Among other authors of critical realism belong William Makepeace Thackeray who wrote novels against snobbery and hypocrisy. His main novel is Vanity Fair where he compares the career of two different characters – gentle and decent Amelia and deceitful adventures Becky Sharp.
Other popular author was Oscar Wilde. He wrote fairy story The Canterville Ghost. The ghost, almost driven mad by the tricks of the Otis twins, this is in an American family, was rescued from everlasting misery by the tears of fair maiden, and „dies happaly- ever after“. The ugly side of the supernatural can be found in Wilde’s novel The picture of Dorian Gray. Wilde is also famous for his fairy tales, that are but very sad, especially The Happy Prince and The Nightingale and the Rose. He wrote also sode theatre plays, my favourite is his crazy comedy How important is have Philip.