Modern American literature
Modern American literature is the literature last fifty years. The authors are for example Norman Mailer. William Saroyan, Arthur Miller, Tenesse Williams and William Styron and many others.
I’ll tell you something about prose-writer William Styron. He publish in the year 1979 a novel Sophie’s Choice. This novel has three main characters. They are Sophia Zawistowska, a polish immigrant, her lover Nathan Weistein and a writer Stingo. A plot come about a summer and a autumn of the year 1947. There is also a retrospective to the year 1943 and also to the more distant past. The writer Stingo met the polish immigrant Sophia and her lover in the summer of the year 1947. Her lover Nathan Weinstein is a narcomaniac and a schizophrenic. The relations ship of the Sophia and Nathan is pathologic. Stigo is attracted to Sophia. Sophia remember to her live in concentration camp Osvětim, and also on her live before her arrest. In this time she shell poll where she takes part on antifascist fight. This is her first choice. After her arrest she shell poll among her children, who come to gas, and who stay with she. This is her second choice. The esesman names Jemanden von Niemandem, this is a symbol, in English this names means Anybody from Nowhere. In the concentration camp she work like a secretary of a commander of the concentration camp, names Rudolf Höss. Sophia is desperate, she feel guilty, at the end she commit a suicide. This is her third choice. This is an antiracist and humanistic novel.
Now I’ll tell about Beat generation. This name is joint with John Holmes and with his novel Go. In the manuscript was the name Beat generation. John Holmes published also an article names This is the Beat Generation. The main representants are Allan Gingsberg, Jack Kerouack, William Burroughs and other. They practised free life, behaviour and new use of language. They were disgusted by corrupt, commercial and conventional world around them and hoped they can make their world better by some excitement given by drugs, drink and they were also influenced by Zen Buddhism teaching. Jack Kerouack wrote the bible of the Beat Group, names On the Road. This novel is about friends wandering on their motorcycles back and forth across the continent and shows us their „beat“ characters, their quest for experience, restlessness.
John Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize in 1962. He tried to uncover the reasons of social injustice. The Grapes of Wrath describes the Depression following after the crisis of 1929. This novel is a picture of a poor family which is exploited by the fruit-growers in California. His other works are Of Mice and Men, Tortilla Flat, Cannery Row, East of Eden…
Ernest Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1954 for his famous book the Old Man and the Sea, which is about human strength for fighting both external natural things and bad sides of his character.
Francis Scott Fitzgerald is connected with the Jazz Age of the 20s. He wrote money stories about wealthy people, from whom everything is so easy because of money. It is in the book names Tales of the Jazz Age. The Great Gatsby is his best novel – about a very rich man who earns all his money by smuggling. He is doing this because he wants to be on the same level as Daisy, his former lover who had always been rich.